In the health domain, the following use cases are defined:
Autonomous behavior in healthcare concerns automatic movement of (heavy) equipment and also automatically executed functions based on models. An example of the latter is dose control for X-ray machines. The engineering of such systems faces a wide array of challenges that are addressed by virtualization and extensive modelling. First, users (i.e., doctors), should have an intuitive and safe experience which is to be tested already in early stages of the design. Newly introduced features should be checked against typical usage of the systems in the field. Second, the overall engineering process has to be improved to reduce development time and field calls. In particular, the validation of autonomous behavior is challenging in this respect.
  • Autonomous Robotic Movement

This use case will focus on intelligent automation of movements of the X-ray gantry through crowded operating room and around the patient to find the optimal imaging angle based on the actual 3D X-ray image. The goal is to improve the efficiency of the clinical workflow in a human-centric manner.  The semi-autonomous robotic movements system is intended to assist the surgeon to manoeuvre the robot around the patient and hospital staff in a user-friendly way by providing virtual axis control, while avoiding collisions with patient, staff or devices in the operating room. The system consists of anti-collision sensors, a 3D virtualization unit and a robotic control unit. The robotic movement system detects humans and devices and plans its movements in a 3D room environment model. In this way the robotic movement uses scene detection and interpretation to plan its path. In case of a potential collision the system will stop automatically.

  • X-ray Imaging Automation

This use-case will focus on autonomous control towards optimal settings of X-ray acquisition and contrast medium injection using specific disease characteristics and a model of the relevant patient’s anatomy. The goal is to reach a sufficient image quality with a minimum of potential harmful contrast medium and X-ray dose.